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Wednesday, May 13, 2020 | History

2 edition of Carbon disulfide, carbonyl sulfide found in the catalog.

Carbon disulfide, carbonyl sulfide

Thomas O Peyton

Carbon disulfide, carbonyl sulfide

literature review and environmental assessment

by Thomas O Peyton

  • 127 Want to read
  • 20 Currently reading

Published by Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Health and Ecological Effects, for sale by the National Technical Information Service in Washington, Springfield, Va .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Carbonyl compounds -- Environmental aspects -- United States,
  • Carbon disulfide -- Toxicology,
  • Carbon disulfide -- Environmental aspects -- United States,
  • Sulfides

  • Edition Notes

    Statementby Thomas O. Peyton, Robert V. Steele, William R. Mabey
    ContributionsSteele, R. V. , joint author, Mabey, William R. , joint author, United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Health and Ecological Effects, Stanford Research Institute
    The Physical Object
    Paginationiv, 57, [1] p. ;
    Number of Pages57
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL13602043M

    CAS Number Synonym(s) Carbon oxide sulfide. Occurence(s)/Use(s) Used as an intermediate in the production of thiocarbamate herbicides. Chemical intermediate and a byproduct of carbon disulfide production; however, it is also released from automobiles, coal-fired power plants, biomass combustion, fish processing, combustion of refuse and plastics, petroleum manufacture, and . vegetation. Carbonyl sulfide can also be an impurity in natural gas and is a major contributor of sulfur in the atmosphere. Anthropogenic sources of carbonyl sulfide include releases from the manufacture of fuels, refinery gases, and carbon disulfide. Carbonyl sulfide is also a combustion product from sulfur-containing fuels (Weil et al., ).File Size: 1MB.

    Carbonyl sulfide can be considered to be intermediate between carbon dioxide and carbon disulfide, both of which are valence isoelectronic with it. Contents. Occurrence; Applications; Synthesis; Toxicity; References; Further reading; External links; Carbonyl sulfide decomposes in the presence of humidity and bases to carbon dioxide and hydrogen sulfide. [2] [3] [4]. Close analogs which bind Co are carbonyl sulfide (COS) and carbon disulfide (CS 2). 95 The latter has been characterized in a η 2-C,S coordination mode to cobalt. These undergo reductive cleavage to produce sulfido and thiocarbonyl ligands.

      Hydrogen sulfide occurs naturally and is also produced by human activities. Just a few breaths of air containing high levels of hydrogen sulfide gas can cause death. Lower, longer-term exposure can cause eye irritation, headache, and fatigue. This substance has been found in at least 24 of the 1, National Priorities List sites identified by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Khalil, M.A.K. and Rasmussen, R.A. Global sources, lifetimes, and mass balances of carbonyl sulfide (OCS) and carbon disulfide (CS2) in the earth's atmosphere. Atmospheric Environment Kuhn, U. and Kesselmeier, J. Environmental variables controlling the uptake of carbonyl sulfide by lichens.


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Carbon disulfide, carbonyl sulfide by Thomas O Peyton Download PDF EPUB FB2

Carbon Disulfide Carbonyl Sulfide [U.S. Environmental Protection Agency] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Carbon Disulfide Carbonyl Sulfide.

Other names: Carbon oxide sulfide; Carbon oxysulfide; COS; Oxycarbon sulfide; UN ; Carbon oxide sulphide; carbonyl sulphide Permanent link for this species.

Use this link for bookmarking this species for future reference. Information on this page: Gas phase thermochemistry data; Condensed phase thermochemistry data; Phase change data. Other names: Carbon oxide sulfide; Carbon oxysulfide; COS; Oxycarbon sulfide; UN ; Carbon oxide sulphide; carbonyl sulphide Permanent link for this species.

Use this link for bookmarking this species for future reference. Information on this page: Notes; Other data available: Gas phase thermochemistry data; Condensed phase thermochemistry data. Published: 01 November Carbon disulphide and carbonyl sulphide from biogenic sources and their contributions to the global sulphur cycle.

Aneja 1Cited by: At this stage of processing, the residual sulfur is mainly in carbonyl sulfide book form of compounds such as carbonyl sulfide (COS) and carbon disulfide (CS 2). These sulfur-containing compounds Carbon disulfide found naturally in crude oil and are also formed, in approximately even amounts, during the high temperature stage of the Claus process and may account for up to 50% of the sulfur lost in the tail gas [21].Cited by: Search results for Carbonyl sulfide at Sigma-Aldrich.

Compare Products: Select up to 4 products. *Please select more than one item to compare. Removal of Carbonyl Sulfide Using Activated Carbon Adsorption Melanie L. Sattler and Ranjith Samuel Rosenberk Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, TX ABSTRACT Wastewater treatment plant odors are caused by com-pounds such as hydrogen sulfide (H 2 S), methyl mercap-Cited by: Is Carbonyl Sulfide a Precursor for Carbon Disulfide in Vegetation and Soil.

Interconversion of Carbonyl Sulfide and Carbon Disulfide in Fresh Grain Tissues in Vitro. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry47 (5), DOI: / by: Chemical name:carbon disulphide Supplier's details: Carbon Disulfide Product use:Synthetic/Analytical chemistry.

Airgas USA, LLC and its affiliates North Radnor-Chester Road Suite Radnor, PA SDS # Synonym:Carbon disulfide; Carbon bisulfide Section 2. Hazards identification FLAMMABLE. Carbonyl sulfide may also be formed in the atmosphere by the gas-phase reaction of carbon disulfide and photochemically produced hydroxyl radicals(2).

Carbonyl sulfide was identified in the emissions of volatile sulfur-containing compounds from flue gas desulfurization sludge field storage sites. Carbonyl sulfide and carbon disulfide: Large-scale distributions over the western Pacific and emissions from Asia during TRACE-P Nicola J.

Blake,1 David G. Streets,2 Jung-Hun Woo,3 Isobel J. Simpson,1 Jonathan Green,1,4 Simone Meinardi,1 Kazuyuki Kita,5 Elliot Atlas,6 Henry E. Fuelberg,7 Glen Sachse,8 Melody A.

Avery,8 Stephanie A. Vay,8 Robert W. Talbot,9 Jack E. Dibb,9Cited by:   Carbonyl sulfide and carbon disulfide. Bacteria are also involved in the formation and degradation of other volatile sulfur compounds such as carbonyl sulfide (OCS) and carbon disulfide (CS 2). Much less is known about the bacterially mediated transformations of these compounds compared to the methylated sulfur species, especially with respect to the role of.

release of carbon disulfide, carbonyl sulfide and hydrogen sulfide takes place from coal gasification plants; data on the total emission from these plants are not available. The ventilation discharge from viscose plants can reach several millions of m3 per hour, with a carbon disulfide content varying from 20 to mg/m3, which represents a total.

Launois, P. Peylin, S. Belviso, B. Poulter, A new model of the global biogeochemical cycle of carbonyl sulfide – Part 2: Use of carbonyl sulfide to constrain gross primary productivity in current vegetation models, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, /acp, 15, 16, (), ().Cited by: Name: Carbonyl sulfide CAS No: Formula: COS Other means of identification: Carbon monoxide monosulfide, carbon oxide sulfide, carbon oxysulfide, dithiocarbonic anhydride, oxycarbon sulfide Relevant identified uses of the substance or mixture and uses advised against Use of the substance/mixture: Industrial use.

Sour gas, natural gas containing hydrogen sulfide, contains more than hydrocarbons and hydrogen sulfide, including some small amounts of carbon disulfide, carbonyl sulfide, methyl mercaptans, and trace metals, but these other components are toxicologically insignificant in practice and can be ignored.

The hazard is managed mainly by monitoring technology, which has a reputation for “false” alarms. Get this from a library. Carbon disulfide, carbonyl sulfide: literature review and environmental assessment. [Thomas O Peyton; Thomas O Steele; William R Mabey; United States.

Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Health and Ecological Effects.; SRI International.]. Carbonyl sulfide can be considered to be intermediate between carbon dioxide and carbon disulfide, both of which are valence isoelectronic with it. Carbonyl sulfide decomposes in the presence of humidity and bases to carbon dioxide and hydrogen ance: colorless gas.

Wang Li, Wang Shudong and Yuan Quan, Removal of carbonyl sulfide at low temperature: Experiment and modeling, Fuel Processing Technology, 91, 7, (), ().

Crossref Yinghong Yue, Xiping Zhao, Weiming Hua and Zi Gao, Nanosized titania and zirconia as catalysts for hydrolysis of carbon disulfide, Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 46, 3 Cited by: In an attempt to further define the mechanisms involved in carbon disulfide metabolism, the relationship between carbon disulfide and carbonyl sulfide metabolism was explored in male Sprague-Dawley rat hepatocytes and liver microsomes.

Pretreatment of animals with cobaltous chloride or phenobarbital decreased or increased, respectively, the extent of carbon disulfide metabolism by hepatic. Organic sulfur contains carbonyl sulfide (COS), carbon disulfide (CS 2), thiophene, mercaptan, and so forth.

Inorganic sulfur is mainly hydrogen sulfide (H 2 S). COS, accounted for approximately 80% to 90% of the total organic sulfur, is normally regarded as a significant poison which can cause the deactivation of the industrial catalyst Cited by:   CAII may also play a role in the metabolism of CS 2 or its oxidation product, carbonyl sulfide [18, 24] (carbonyl sulfide may also function as a social cue in STFP formation).

We measured EOG responses in the MOE of mice lacking GC-D (Gucy2d-Mapt-lacZ −/− mice [ 10 ], hereafter referred to as Gucy2d −/− mice) or CAII (B6.D2- Car2 n Cited by: Compounds with double bonds between carbon and sulfur are relatively uncommon, but include the important compounds carbon disulfide, carbonyl sulfide, and thiophosgene.

Thioketones (RC(=S)R′) are uncommon with alkyl substituents, but one example is thiobenzophenone.